胃反流

什么是反流?

胃酸反流或烧心是指胸部或喉咙后部出现的灼烧疼痛感,这是由于胃酸反流回食管,刺激到了内壁膜。
这种状况有时被简称为消化不良。

如果每周反复出现几次反流,而不是偶然为之,那便可能患上了GORD (胃食管反流病)。(也被称为GERD,这是为了和“胃食管”的美式英语发音相匹配)

除了有灼烧疼痛感或胸部及喉咙不适外,有些人还会出现过度打嗝或喉咙痛(或声音嘶哑)的症状,甚至还会导致夜晚或早间咳嗽。

胃和食管(食物从口腔向下流动的管道)交汇的地方是肌肉“阀门”或括约肌,食物可从这里流入相应部位,在正常情况下,这里是关闭的,以防止胃酸上流。

If the sphincter relaxes abnormally or is somehow weakened in strength, stomach acid can flow up your oesophagus, causing the pain of heartburn. This tends to happen more when you bend over or lie down.

Sometimes the reflux is caused by a physical issue called a hiatus hernia, a condition in which the stomach bulges up into the chest cavity through an opening in your diaphragm muscle. This hernia compromises the ability of the sphincter to prevent acid flowing up.

反流或烧心的诱因是什么?

胃和食管(食物从口腔向下流动的管道)交汇的地方是肌肉“阀门”或括约肌,食物可从这里流入相应部位,在正常情况下,这里是关闭的,以防止胃酸上流。

If the sphincter relaxes abnormally or is somehow weakened in strength, stomach acid can flow up your oesophagus, causing the pain of heartburn. This tends to happen more when you bend over or lie down.

Sometimes the reflux is caused by a physical issue called a hiatus hernia, a condition in which the stomach bulges up into the chest cavity through an opening in your diaphragm muscle. This hernia compromises the ability of the sphincter to prevent acid flowing up.

Other risk factors for heartburn or reflux include:

  • Large meals or eating large meals late at night
  • Delayed stomach emptying
  • Being overweight
  • Pregnancy (pushing on the stomach and contents)
  • Fatty or spicy foods
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking

How to prevent reflux

如果持续出现烧心或反流症状,有必要咨询医疗专业人士,确定病因,排除患有更严重疾病的可能。

在其它情形下,需降低相应风险:

● 少量饮食,避免食用宵夜食物
● 必要时减肥
● 减少摄入脂肪类或辛辣食物及酒精
● 戒烟

如何治疗反流?

反流、烧心或消化不良最常见的治疗方法有:

  • 抗酸药,其作用原理是中和胃酸和/或通过给胃部上方形成保护膜来预防胃酸上流。
  • H2拮抗剂,其作用原理是减少胃部产生的胃酸数量。
  • 质子泵抑制剂(PPI),其作用原理是通过不同的机制来阻止酸生成。
  • 有助于恢复肠道健康的天然替代产品
  • 商店定位器

    Our retail product range is available throughout all Priceline Australia stores and approved Health Food Centres. Find and consult a Naturopath for our Practitioner range.

  • Start with three simple steps

    • .

      清除

      清除导致所有胃肠道不健康的因素。重要的是改变和开始新的习惯。
    • .

      修复

      当胃肠道处于不健康的状态,胃肠道需要修护;服用对的营养素可帮助修护胃肠道。
    • .

      加强

      加强运动,睡眠,服用健康和均衡的饮食会增强肠道菌群和帮到消化系统。

    Actionable Advice

    Prevention is always a better option than treatment, but sometimes we need a little extra help to restore good gut health.

    You’ll find the following NC products a great way to get started.

    NC Gut Relief – Helps repair the gut and relieve common digestive symptoms
    NC Gut Relief with Honey – Helps relieve common digestive symptoms with the added benefits of Stradbroke Island Honey
    NC Polybac Everyday – Premium probiotic strains to assist digestive and immune system function
    NC Ulti-Digest 66 – Helps to improve digestion, nutrient absorption and boost immunity